Aim 4

Aim 4 Plant Phenotypic Rhizobiome Abiotic Stress Responses to Variations in Root Exudates

Members

Alfano*, Walia*, Clemente, Drijber, Guda, Herr, Schnable, Van Dijk

*Co-leads

  • Dr. Alfano and others in field
  • Innovation Campus greenhouse chamber
  • Research in the field
  • Potted plants in NIC Greenhouse
  • Microbiome Sampling
Aim 4 will determine the impact of plant root exudate composition on both plant phenotypes and rhizobiomes under various growth conditions. Variation in root-associated microbiota has been shown to influence plant health and agronomic performance. Some of these effects may arise through microbe-mediated improvement of plant tolerance of stresses such as water and nitrogen (N) deficiencies. These intriguing observations suggest that plant-microbe interactions affect plant phenotypes. The community structure of the maize rhizobiome has a genetic component, as it shows significant heritability, but is also strongly influenced by soil type. It is likely that plant genotypes can regulate the rhizobiome through the composition of root exudates, however current methods cannot directly measure root exudates under field conditions in real time, a gap we seek to address. Results from this aim will elucidate how rhizobiomes change over time and in response to low soil nitrogen and water stress conditions. These results will also provide critical data to explore the idea that wild maize relatives express root traits to recruit superior rhizobiomes.

Objectives

  1. Quantify changes in phenotypes of plants under low soil nitrogen and water stress
  2. Effects of variations in root exudates on root microbiota
  3. Identifying changes in phenotype and rhizobiomes of plants with variant exudates under field conditions

Associated Publications

Herr J. R., Scully E. D., Geib S. M., Hoover K., Geiser D. M., Tien M., Carlson J. E.. 2016. Genome sequence of a Fusarium species (MYA-4552) isolated from the midgut of Anoplophora glabripennis, an invasive, wood-boring beetle. Genome Announcements 4: e00544-16
DOI: 10.1128/genomeA.00544-16

Hibbett D. S., Abarenkov K., Koljalg U., Opik M., Chai B., Cole J. R., Wang Q., Crous P. W., Robert V. A. R. G., Helgason T., Herr J. R., Kirk P., Lueschow S., O’Donnell K., Nilsson H., Oono R., Schoch C. L., Smyth C., Walker D., Porras-Alfaro A., Taylor J. W., Geiser D. M.. 2016. Sequence-based classification and identificationof Fungi. Mycologia 108: 1049-1068
DOI: 10.3852/16-130